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U.S. Senate Subcommittee: Respect for privacy vital for growth of the IoT

Policymakers are realising the enormous economic and social benefits that the IoT can offer – now follows the more serious discussion on its regulation.
On July 29, the U.S. Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet conducted a hearing on the Internet of Things (IoT), focusing principally on how regulation can serve growth and protect consumers’ privacy.
The Committee was witnessed by high profile Industry representatives: Gary Shapiro, CEO, Consumer Electronics Association, Dean Garfield, CEO, Information Technology & Industry Council, Mitch Bainwol, CEO, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers and Morgan Reed, Executive Director, The App Association.
These Industry experts were questioned on the IoT’s economic and social impact and gave recommendations as to what regulations were needed in order for the IoT to grow safely and securely.
Privacy, regulation and transparency now on the agenda
Both Committee members and witnesses acknowledged that the IoT had developed so rapidly that existing privacy laws needed to be adapted in order to accommodate new ways in which data can be easily transmitted, stored and accessed.
Members of the Committee were fully supportive of the need to protect consumer privacy – Senator Poe claimed Congress “needs to set the expectation of privacy for individuals that have shared their information with different entities,” adding he was concerned providers might share that information both with non-government entities and also with the government.
Poe also argued that Congress should “update the [Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986] law”, which outlines that information stored in the cloud is private for six months, “but six months and one day, the government can have it and there’s no expectation of privacy”.
The message that resonated throughout the hearing was that the industry needs transparency – both in the context of governments accessing information about consumers but also in the context of companies informing their customers of how their data are shared. According to Morgan Reed of the App Association, “The problem comes when I have to tell a customer, ‘I don’t know’ when they ask which of their data could be passed along to the government”.
In his view, consumer concerns around data interception could severely hamper the growth of the IoT globally: “The United States’ data-sharing policies could affect privacy policies abroad…If the U.S. government says, ‘we have access to any cloud data at any time . . . regardless of where the data is stored and who [owns it],’ we have to expect that Russia will want to same privileges from our companies . . . that China will want the same privileges”.
Gary Shapiro of Consumer Electronics Association echoed this and stated that cooperation between industry and governments would allow the IoT to flourish. Industry prefers self-regulation over giving governments ‘backdoor access’: “history has shown that giving a government a backdoor is not the best approach as technologies evolve quickly,” but that “when a super crisis evolves, I think you’ll see companies step up and try to help government”. On the other hand, witnesses insisted that the current, relatively light and flexible regulation had allowed the IoT to develop rapidly across a number of sectors.
All witnesses emphasised that the IoT’s development depended on it having a greater allocation of spectrum. The IoT was cited as being an extension of the smartphone and according to Dean Garfield, the use of mobile data is increasing by 55 per cent each year, and that use of the IoT will lead this to grow ‘expeditiously’.
Industry forecasts are increasingly optimistic about the social and economic benefits stemming from the IoT and those in industry will be buoyed that key actors appreciate this and seem well disposed to industry-led practices. Having such prominent policymakers acknowledge that light and flexible self-regulation has led to innovation and thus scaled the IoT will reassure those in industry, as will the bold position of Committee Members who are resolved to bring greater privacy and transparency to the IoT.

 

 

Such developments are not limited to the U.S. and are part of a greater global trend – similar discussions taking place elsewhere in the world, predominantly in Europe, but also in Asia Pacific and other regions.

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Industry experts discuss growth strategies at IoT Summit

Last week, experts in the Internet of Things congregated at the GSMA’s IoT Summit at Mobile World Congress Shanghai, to discuss how to make the most of the emerging IoT opportunity. Its enormous potential is already apparent, but as it develops, new and unforeseen challenges will arise that could inhibit growth and prevent it from reaching scale. In an effort to ensure its rapid growth, the GSMA is working with operators to help create an IoT that is ripe with opportunity for all stakeholders. The Summit was an extension of this, and a rare occasion in which the industry’s principal innovators gathered to share objectives and strategies in the development of the IoT.

The event was attended by over 500 people and included speakers from a wide range of high profile organisations across the IoT ecosystem such as: NTT DoCoMo, Accenture Digital, APNIC, Ericsson, F5, Giesecke & Devrient, Huawei, Infineon Qualcomm, Samsung, Sierra Wireless, Virtue intelligent Network, Thin Film, Wireless Broadband Alliance and the GSMA. Experts addressed the fundamental issues that will dictate the nature of the IoT’s development such as Low Power Wide Area solutions (LPWA), network security and the central role of operators.

Trends

Speakers were uniformly positive about the growth of the IoT – Industry projections estimate that there will be 50 billion connected devices worldwide by 2020 – or 7 devices for every person on earth. As the IoT grows, mobile will have an increasingly central role to play, acting as hub and management platform for a multiplicity of devices. What’s more is that the number of people using mobile phones is rapidly increasing. In the same period of time, there will be 9.2 mobile subscriptions and 90% of the world’s population over 6 years old will own a mobile phone.

Connectivity & Low Power Wide Area solutions

A central theme of the Summit was the crucial role of operators – by virtue of being able to provide wide area connectivity, operators are essential in enabling the IoT to scale. Yet operators are also increasingly cooperating with wireless broadband providers in order to provide seamless interoperability that will enable users to move across different connections seamlessly. The combination of low-power Wi-Fi solutions with mobile connectivity could potentially provide significant cost savings and improve scalability.

Operators will also be essential in providing connectivity for LPWA solutions. As the IoT scales, there will be an increasing amount devices that use very little power, but perform vital functions nonetheless. Network operators are best placed to manage a full range of IoT solutions through a range of radio networks.

Security

As the IoT develops, and more devices are connected, the issue of security will only increase in importance. Speakers were convinced that the security of connected devices in a scalable network depends on all stakeholders following a unified approach. Here, operators were also deemed to have a central role, having established themselves as the trusted, licensed provider of secure IoT solutions, they can help ensure the long term sustainability and growth of the market.

Dr. Shane Rooney, Executive Director, Connected Living, GSMA, spoke at length about the measures that the GSMA and its members are taking to make sure the IoT develops securely, including the development of a Fraud and Security working group operating as well as building upon the recommendations contained in the GSMA’s “End-to-End Security for M2M & IOT” whitepaper. The GSMA is also developing a public set of IoT Security Guidelines for industry use.

Download presentations from the event

 

Graham Trickey, Head of Connected Living programme, GSMA

Low Power Wide Area Solutions – The central role of the Operator and how to fit with other radio technologies

Bob Cai, President of FDD LTE Product Line, Huawei

Jonas Näslund, VP, Head of Radio Strategy, Ericsson

Way-Shing Lee, VP of Technology, Qualcomm Technologies

The importance of security in our networks and the need to have an approved set of security guidelines adapted for IoT

Shane Rooney, Executive Director, CLP, GSMA

Juergen Spaenkuch, Division VP Chip Card & Security, Infineon Technologies

Geoff Petersen, Solution Architect, Service Provider Security, F5 Networks

Scaling the IoT – Deploying More Devices and Services with Remote SIM provisioning

Naoki Tani, Managing Director of M2M Business Department, NTT DoCoMo

Klaus Vedder, Group Senior Vice President, Giesecke & Devrient

Gary Waite, Executive Director – Embedded SIM, GSMA

Industrial Trend and Future IoT Developmen

Gareth Davies, PR Director Marketing & Communication, GSMA M2M IoT Report

Paul Wilson, Director General, APNIC

Innovative Technology in IoT evolution

Qiming Yin, Vice President, Virtue intelligent Network

Jin Wook Lee, Vice President, Samsung

Kai Leppänen, Chief Commercial Officer, Thin film

IoT Case Studies in different Industries

David Buhan, Senior Vice President, Managing Mobile Subscriber Services, Gemalto

Sam Huang, Vice President of Cisco China

Neil Hickey, Managing Director, Mobility Lead, Greater China, Accenture Digital

Helen Xu, Senior Director and head of China Automotive, Infineon

Ton Brand, Senior Director, Wireless Broadband Alliance

Colin Chew, Director, Business Management, Asia (excl. JP & IN), OEM Solutions, Sierra Wireless

 

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Inside the GSMA Innovation City

Showcase of connected solutions at MWC Shanghai points to the limitless potential of the IoT

SHANGHAI – The GSMA Innovation City is not just an opportunity to witness the power of mobile in our ever-connected world, but the rare chance to experience an environment  where state of the art IoT solutions, devices and services make everyday life easier, safer and more interesting.  The Connected Living programme is at the forefront of shaping the IoT – using the power and dynamism or mobile to improve people’s lives all over the globe.  Read our highlights of the Innovation City below.

icSmart Parking

One of Connected Living’s flagship demonstrations at Innovation City was of a smart parking application using a profile swap – based on the GSMA Embedded SIM Specification. This occurs through parking sensors that communicate via GSM. Depending on the location, the user selects the appropriate local subscription which will be downloaded over-the-air to the embedded UICC of the parking sensor. This enables smart parking, to be easier and more efficient for both the user and supplier.

iccleaning robot

Connected cleaning robots simplify the process of household cleaning. Using sensors, they are able to automatically clean areas without the need for specific instructions. As with other devices in the ‘connected home’ we can expect this to be remotely activated by mobile, which is also fed real time data on how the machine is performing.

icWearable deviceicConnected Car

The latest display of cellular-connected wearables is also on display at the Innovation City,  demonstrating the value of Embedded SIMs in wearable devices. These devices enable runners to collect and monitor all the relevant health and fitness data, and give the user maximum mobility. They also allow parents to monitor their children’s location from a distance offering them the flexibility to go out without their smartphone, but still access contact and data.

Those looking to discover how the latest connected car can improve life on the road, need look no further than the demonstration of the Tesla Model S, with connectivity provided by operator, China Unicom and Jasper’s in-car IoT platform. Tesla is well known for having developed a range of all-electric, high performance, long distance cars. Having connectivity provided by a mobile network operator completes this cars’ status a vehicle of the future, with connectivity enabling live infotainment and real-time diagnostics.

ICVR demo

Attendees are able to experience the full potential of how mobile can shape the IoT and transforming peoples lives, in our Occulus Rift VR demo which takes people on a journey through the mobile network.

The Innovation City will be available for all attendees of MWC Shanghai on Friday 17th July, 09:00 – 16:00 CST, Location: SNIEC, Hall W4, B130 & E130.

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China is global leader in deployment of the Internet of Things, finds new GSMA report

Rapid Market Growth, Government Investment, Operator Industry Partnerships and Adoption of Common Specifications Helping to Drive Internet of Things (IoT) to Scale

Shanghai: At Mobile World Congress Shanghai, the GSMA today issued a new report highlighting China’s leadership in the worldwide machine-to-machine (M2M) market. According to the report, “How China Is Scaling the IoT, China is the world’s largest M2M market with 74 million M2M connections and has now become the global leader in the deployment of the Internet of Things (IoT).* The in-depth report includes insights from the country’s major mobile operators China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom, as well as leading industry experts, and cites the combination of a strong economy, far-sighted government investment and international cross-sector partnerships as key factors in enabling the IoT to quickly reach scale.

“Clearly, China’s size offers economies of scale unavailable to other countries, but it’s been the government’s focused strategy, emphasis on common specifications and cross-sector collaboration that has allowed the Internet of Things to scale, delivering positive benefits to businesses and consumer alike,” commented Alex Sinclair, Chief Technology Officer, GSMA. “Connectivity is boosting major industries such as logistics, manufacturing and energy in terms of increased efficiency, but it has also created a new consumer market in areas such as connected vehicles, home appliances and wearables, putting China at the forefront of IoT deployment.”

Connected Consumers
Backed by government support, sectors such as transportation, energy, logistics, utilities and manufacturing have all benefited from the real-time information provided by mobile connectivity to increase efficiency, lower costs and manage infrastructure. However, the consumer market has also experienced incredible growth, with millions of Chinese consumers now owning multiple connected devices and experiencing the IoT in their daily lives. The wearables market in particular is a hotbed of innovation, with thousands of products available at accessible prices, including smartwatches, tracking devices and fitness bands with built-in connectivity. The connected car market is also growing apace, driven by the increasing availability of 4G network coverage which is providing a range of in-car services such as entertainment, navigation, safety and vehicle diagnostics. Machina Research forecasts that the number of connected devices, such as vehicle platforms, providing services within the connected car sector will increase from 16 million in 2015 to 67.9 million in 2020 and to 130 million by 2024, giving China the largest growth in the connected car market after Russia in the BRIC countries.

Positive Government Support
China has benefited from proactive government support in the development of the IoT with funding allocated as part of the country’s 12th Five-Year Development Plans and additional funding made available for research and development. China has also led in the development of standards, establishing an IoT standards association and promoting Chinese-developed standards internationally. Adoption of essential industry specifications and guidelines, such as the GSMA Embedded SIM Specification and the IoT Device Connection Efficiency Guidelines, will enable further growth and scale.** The central government has also selected 202 cities, including Beijing, Guangzhou, Hangzhou and Shanghai, to pilot smart city projects to collect, store and analyse information related to transportation, electricity, public safety and environmental factors.

Operator Partnerships
The report highlights that China’s leading mobile operators, China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom, are at the vanguard in the development of the IoT and are moving from a business-to-business focus to offering more sophisticated consumer-oriented propositions via partnerships with other companies such as automotive makers and wearables companies. They are also forging both domestic and international partnerships with vendors and manufacturers to bring the benefits of connectivity to a wide range of machines, vehicles and devices. Beyond the supply of ubiquitous, high-performance connectivity, operators are working to standardise platforms, simplify business processes and provide value-added services such as security, authentication and billing.

The GSMA Innovation City at Mobile World Congress Shanghai
The GSMA Innovation City at Mobile World Congress Shanghai offers visitors the opportunity to explore a real-life city environment packed with intelligent mobile-connected products and services that demonstrate how mobile technology is positively impacting the personal and professional lives of citizens around the globe. The GSMA Innovation City features interactive demonstrations from partners including Huawei, KT Corporation, Peel, Pittasoft, Oral-B, Qualcomm Incorporated, Thinfilm and Visa, as well as from the GSMA’s key industry programmes including Connected Living, Digital Commerce, Personal Data and Network 2020. The GSMA Innovation City is located in Hall 4 (West 4 B130 and E130) and will be open during Mobile World Congress Shanghai exhibition hours from 15-17July.  For more information, visit www.mwcshanghai.com/innovation-city-experience-centre/.

Download ‘How China Is Scaling the IoT’

中国物联网规模化发展之路

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GSMA Guidelines a significant aspect to Indian Government’s M2M policy considerations

After weeks of speculation, the Indian Government’s Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has released its National Telecom M2M Roadmap. The document acts as a reference document for M2M ecosystem partners to realise the policy goals of Make in India and Digital India, largely by focusing on Interoperable standards, policies and regulations to suit Indian conditions across multiple sectors. An apex body has been proposed for coordination and to take care of such requirements.

GSMA Guidelines at the heart of M2M consideration

Throughout the Roadmap, both the GSMA’s Connection Efficiency Guidelines and Embedded SIM Specification are recognised as potential solutions to the country’s need for M2M standards and regulations, and as means to overcome market fragmentation.

For example, the report notes that GSMA’s Embedded SIM will help evolve the future of M2M and also help in meeting Know Your Customer (KYC) norms.

The Roadmap also identifies the GSMA’s IoT Connection Efficiency Guidelines as a leading global m2m policy initiative that will help device and application developers to expand the number of devices connecting to mobile networks, whilst preventing service outages and ensuring optimal performance that will ultimately enable the market.

The document also notes that the Guidelines have already been backed telecom operators AT&T, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Deutsche Telekom, Etisalat, KT Corp, Orange, NTT DOCOMO, Tata Teleservices, Telefonica, Telenor Connexion and VimpelCom, as well as vendors and ecosystem partners, including Sierra Wireless and Jasper.

 

Next Steps

An Industry level Consultative Committee has been constituted by the DoT to outline draft policy taking into consideration the industry view. The following issues and actionable points were identified for consideration towards M2M Policy:

  1. To bring Standards for M2M in line with global standards
  2. Allocation of Spectrum for M2M local area network Layer
  3. Revisit National Numbering Plan to accommodate the needs of M2M
  4. To ensure the “Always on” requirements viz. Inter-Operator Roaming and Inter-Network Mobility
  5. Address Privacy and Data Protection
  6. Address KYC and customer traceability issues.
  7. Address Security and Lawful Interception for M2M
  8. To have policy around Customers ethical Issues
  9. Close coordination with relevant global organizations

The TEC (Telecommunication Engineering Centre), the technical arm of the DoT, has started working on India Specific M2M standards in line with evolving global standards. Five Working Groups are formed to begin with in this regards as under:

  1. Power
  2. Automotive
  3. Surveillance
  4. Health
  5. M2M Gateway & Architecture
  6. Working group to cover M2M security is being formed.

Indian M2M market to grow rapidly

Of all the governments across the globe, the Indian Government is perhaps the most ambitious with its M2M and IoT targets. In June 2014, the Indian Government made an even more ambitious pledge to develop 100 smart cities, beginning with a $1.2bn investment over the following twelve months.

The Indian M2M market is set to grow rapidly in the next few years, according to research house, Machina Research, the overall value of the Indian M2M market will increase from €5.18bn in 2015, to €16.81bn in 2020.

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PwC’s IoT report now available in Spanish and Portuguese

To coincide with Mobile 360 Latin America, the recently released PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PwC) report, Realising the benefits of mobile-enabled IoT solutions is now available for download in both Spanish and Portuguese.

The report highlights a number of ways in which mobile network operators will accelerate growth of the IoT and enable new revenue streams for other players in the wider IoT ecosystem.

The report also finds that mobile-enabled IoT solutions will generate significant socioeconomic benefits in both emerging markets and developed countries. Latin America transcends this traditional dichotomy and thus regional policy makers and ecosystem players will need to take a more considered approach in order to make the most of mobile’s crucial role in the IoT.

According to GSMA Intelligence, the Latin American M2M market is set for rapid growth, with M2M connections expected to treble from 21.9 million in 2015, to 66.2 million in 2020.

Download the full report in Spanish

Download the full report in Portuguese

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The Impact of the Internet of Things: The Connected Home

The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming family life through the wireless connection of devices in the home, such as smart meters and security systems, helping to save money and increase peace of mind, according to new research issued today by the GSMA. The report, ‘The Impact of the Internet of Things: The Connected Home’, was developed by KRC Research* and GSMA Intelligence, and highlights that approximately one in four people in Germany, Japan, the UK and the US already own a connected device such as a smart meter (28 per cent), security system (23 per cent), lighting system (23 per cent), or health monitor (23 per cent), underscoring the growing impact of wireless connectivity and the Internet of Things on the lives of consumers.

 

The research also indicates that the uptake of connected devices is set to grow rapidly over the coming years, with 89 per cent of all respondents confirming that they would like all of their household devices to be seamlessly connected together in the future. According to the report, consumers have a strong interest in connecting virtually everything in their homes including security systems, thermostats, smart meters, lighting and cars, as well as health monitors, washing machines, smart watches, activity trackers, ovens, refrigerators and elderly monitors

Download ‘The Impact of the Internet of Things: the Connected Home’

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New GSMA Report Finds the Internet of Things is Transforming Family Life

Cost Savings, Peace of Mind and Security Are Key Factors Driving Growth of Wireless
Connected Devices; 89 Per Cent of People Want to Connect All Their Devices in The Future

 

2 March 2015, Barcelona: The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming family life through the wireless connection of devices in the home, such as smart meters and security systems, helping to save money and increase peace of mind, according to new research issued today by the GSMA. The report, ‘The Impact of the Internet of Things: The Connected Home’, was developed by KRC Research* and GSMA Intelligence, and highlights that approximately one in four people in Germany, Japan, the UK and the US already own a connected device such as a smart meter (28 per cent), security system (23 per cent), lighting system (23 per cent), or health monitor (23 per cent), underscoring the growing impact of wireless connectivity and the Internet of Things on the lives of consumers.

 

The research also indicates that the uptake of connected devices is set to grow rapidly over the coming years, with 89 per cent of all respondents confirming that they would like all of their household devices to be seamlessly connected together in the future. According to the report, consumers have a strong interest in connecting virtually everything in their homes including security systems, thermostats, smart meters, lighting and cars, as well as health monitors, washing machines, smart watches, activity trackers, ovens, refrigerators and elderly monitors.

 

“Multiple machines, devices and appliances are being connected to the Internet through numerous networks and are providing consumers and businesses with innovative new services. The Internet of Things may sound like a futuristic buzz term, but it is already here and improving our lives,” said Alex Sinclair, Chief Technology Officer, GSMA. “This report confirms that although the market is still relatively nascent, there is huge demand for these services in the connected home; however, seamless interaction of these devices and services is essential, making collaboration and interoperability between companies from different sectors more critical than ever.”

 

Smart Savings

The survey confirmed that the opportunity to save money was the most compelling benefit of purchasing connected devices for the home to both owners and non-owners. For example, 70 per cent of all respondents believed that this was the most important aspect of owning a connected energy system. The survey found strong consumer interest in the connected car, with respondents seeing the benefits of saving money on fuel through the use of real-time traffic updates, as well as insurance premiums via real-time usage monitoring. Eighty-six per cent of non-owners would consider purchasing a connected car for their next vehicle if it would save them 30 per cent on their monthly insurance costs. Time savings are also seen to be a significant benefit of driving a connected car, with owners saving upwards of six hours of travel time each month by avoiding congestion with real-time traffic updates. Peace of mind and protection against theft or hazards were also amongst the most important benefits of owning a smart security system according to owners, with nearly all confirming that their sense of security had increased since installing it.

Connected Health and Fitness

The survey also noted the growing influence of wearable fitness devices for improving fitness performance, with nearly 25 per cent of non-owners being likely to consider purchasing a connected fitness device if it would increase the number of calories they burn on a monthly basis by 10 per cent. Connected healthcare devices were also well received by consumers with 83 per cent of owners reporting that their sense of well-being had improved and that their use provided peace of mind and helped with lifestyle improvements. Additionally, the ability to remotely monitor a close family member with a chronic illness, for example, to make sure they have taken their daily medicine with a smart healthcare device also received an overwhelming positive response with 86 per cent of non-owners interested in this feature.

 

Connected Living at Mobile World Congress 2015

The GSMA Connected Programme will be present at the GSMA Innovation City at Mobile World Congress 2015 at Hall 3, Stand 3A11 and 3A31 from Monday to Thursday with a number of interactive demonstrations of the latest mobile products and services. They will also be hosting a number of seminars and presentations through the week. Please go here for further information: http://www.gsma.com/connectedliving/events/mobile-world-congress-2015/

To view the full report, Click here.

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IoT Device Connection Efficiency Common Test Cases

This document outlines the test cases that need to be passed by an IoT device in order for it to be considered compliant with the requirements stated within the Connection Efficiency Guidelines.

Download here

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