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Digital Inclusion Resources

Browse resources by topic (where applicable), region or type, such as case studies, presentations, research and white papers

  • Mobile internet usage challenges in Asia — awareness, literacy and local content

    July 10, 2015 | | Digital Inclusion | Global
    pdf
    GSMA’s Digital Inclusion programme and GSMA Intelligence have published a new report on mobile internet usage in Asia. Nearly 800 million new mobile internet subscribers are forecast to come online in Asia Pacific by 2020, the vast majority of these coming from emerging markets in the region. But this growth is dependent on overcoming several digital literacy and awareness barriers and having locally relevant content available. This report is based on two primary research projects we have u...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Rural Coverage: Strategies for Sustainability

    July 6, 2015 | | Digital Inclusion | Global
    pdf
    This series of country-level case studies, published by GSMA Intelligence in collaboration with the GSMA’s Digital Inclusion programme, demonstrates the approaches being deployed by mobile operators and others to address rural coverage – a key barrier in expanding mobile internet access to unreached populations. Despite the expansion of mobile networks to near-ubiquitous levels, coverage gaps remain: 10% of the global population lack access to basic voice and text services, with around 30...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation 2015

    June 23, 2015 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    Over the past 10 years, the GSMA has partnered with Deloitte to examine the role of taxation policies in promoting mobile industry growth and ultimately digital inclusion, especially in developing countries where sector-specific taxation is creating barriers to consumer access. Our annual global tax study, Digital Inclusion and Mobile Sector Taxation 2015, measures the total tax contribution of the mobile industry in 26 markets, as well as taxes levied on mobile consumers in 110 markets. It i...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Accelerating Digital Literacy: Empowering women to use the mobile internet

    June 16, 2015 | | Digital Literacy | Global
    pdf
    In developing countries, the number of unique subscribers using mobile internet grew from 728 million in 2010 to 1.8 billion in 2014 (source: GSMA Intelligence Q4 2014). Mobile internet access can have profound implications for women’s economic, social, and political empowerment, from entrepreneurship opportunities to affordable healthcare and peer learning platforms. However, women continue to lag behind men in accessing mobile phones and mobile internet. This report, a joint initiative fr...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Closing the Coverage Gap - a view from Asia

    June 9, 2015 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy
    pdf
    Affordability and network coverage are the two largest barriers to driving mobile internet access among non-adopters. In this report we focus on network coverage. Globally, 90% of the world's population is covered by 2G networks and 73% by 3G. This implies that 10% of people are living in areas unable to access basic voice and SMS services, while 30% live outside of range of the mobile internet on a 3G speed or higher. This report focuses on Asia, a continent which accounts for the majorit...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Jordan

    May 26, 2015 | | Affordability and Taxation | Middle East and North Africa
    pdf
    Since the launch of the first mobile telecommunication network in Jordan in 1995, the market has grown rapidly. Today 70% of the population in Jordan has at least one mobile subscription and over 2 million people have access to the mobile internet. This increase in mobile connectivity, particularly mobile broadband, is bringing wide-ranging benefits to the Jordanian economy and society by boosting productivity, national competitiveness, and increased economic growth. PDF Downloads Digital i...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Bangladesh

    March 17, 2015 | | South Asia
    pdf
    Since the award of the first licence in 1989, the mobile sector in Bangladesh has enabled 66 million Bangladeshis to gain access to transformative mobile technologies, including the mobile internet. The increase in mobile access has brought a wide range of benefits to the Bangladeshi economy and society, including increased productivity and economic growth. Further increasing access to mobile has the potential to further accelerate Bangladesh's economic and social development towards the governm...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Ghana

    February 27, 2015 |
    pdf
    In the last decade, the mobile sector in Ghana has enabled 12.6 million Ghanaians, about 50% of the population, to access the benefits of mobile communications. This increase in access is bringing wide-ranging benefits to the Ghanaian economy and society. Download: Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Ghana (Full report) – English Download: Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Ghana (One page) – English...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Benefits of network competition and complementary policies to promote mobile broadband coverage

    February 17, 2015 | | All Regions
    pdf
    In July 2014, Frontier Economics was commissioned by the GSMA to conduct a study on the merits and potential barriers of promoting mobile broadband coverage under the network competition model. Download: Benefits of network competition and complementary policies to promote mobile broadband coverage (One page summary) Download: Benefits of network competition and complementary policies to promote mobile broadband coverage (Full report)...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Pakistan

    February 10, 2015 | | South Asia
    pdf
    Today, mobile networks support essential services that boost productivity and drive economic growth for the 60 million Pakistanis that have access to them. In parallel, 120 million of their fellow citizens remain unconnected. Broadening access to mobile through sector-specific tax reductions has the potential to accelerate Pakistan’s development, deliver a range of life-changing services and, as a result, support progress towards Vision 2025. Download: Digital inclusion and mobile sector ta...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Tanzania

    January 29, 2015 |
    pdf
    The number of Tanzanians with access to mobile telephony has more than tripled since 2007, and now over 17 million Tanzanians, 34% of the population, have a mobile phone. This increase in access is delivering wide-ranging benefits in Tanzania: Download: Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Tanzania (Full report) – English Download: Digital inclusion and mobile sector taxation in Tanzania (One page) – English...
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    The Global Telecom Tower Esco Market: Overview of the global market for energy to telecom towers in off-grid and bad-grid areas

    January 19, 2015 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy
    pdf
    By 2020, estimated 390,000 telecom towers will be deployed in off-grid locations, and 790,000 tower will be deployed in bad-grid locations. This will result an annual diesel expense of about $19 billion and GHG emission of about 45 Million tons. This report brings an industry insight on the severity of this problem and a possible approaches to solve it. Download: The Global Telecom Tower Esco Market: Overview of the global market for energy to telecom towers in off-grid and bad-grid areas...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital Inclusion in Africa: A Snapshot

    December 15, 2014 | | Digital Inclusion | All Regions
    video
    A short film looking at the challenges and opportunities surrounding digital inclusivity in Africa, and beyond. ...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Tower Power Africa: Energy Challenges and Opportunities for the Mobile Industry in Africa

    November 20, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    This report brings an understanding of the current state of mobile and energy infrastructure in Africa and identifies possible alternatives for cost-effectively powering mobile networks in Africa. The report also looks at the changing industry structure as well as regulations and their impact on scaling the adoption of green energy in powering telecoms infrastructure and therefore, improving access to mobile communications across the continent. The geographical scope of this report is limited to...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Sunlabob Case Study

    November 17, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Asia
    pdf
    The GSMA Green Power for Mobile team completed a case study for Sunlabob Renewable Energy Myanmar, providing key insights on how to develop a cost-effective, reliable off-grid power solution for the telecom sector in Myanmar. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digital Inclusion Report 2014

    November 4, 2014 | | Global
    pdf
    Mobile phones have become the most popular and widespread form of personal technology on the planet, with 3.6 billion unique mobile subscribers and 7.2 billion connections globally. Mobile has had a profound impact on all aspects of life, from simply allowing people to communicate with each other, to providing access to services such as education, healthcare and financial services. The mobile internet will bring the next wave of growth and impact. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Practice Guide for Green Energy Provision in Telecoms: Myanmar

    October 3, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document will serve as a best-practice guide for MNOs, TowerCos and ESCOs to learn how to go through the different stages of selecting, procuring and powering green sites in Myanmar. GPM also has published a complete Myanmar Market Insight report to describe the potential of a green power for telecom sector in Myanmar. Download here...
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    Government intervention in the South African broadband market

    September 25, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The South African Government has set ambitious targets for broadband availability. The Government in South Africa recognises the importance of the ICT sector and broadband on the wider economy. As part of its National Broadband Plan (South Africa Connect), the Government has set ambitious targets for broadband availability. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Assessing the case for Single Wholesale Networks in mobile communications

    September 17, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Policymakers in a number of countries are proposing to establish a single wholesale network (SWN) instead of relying upon competing mobile networks to deliver 4G mobile broadband services in their country. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Surtaxes on International Incoming Traffic in Africa

    September 16, 2014 | | Affordability and Taxation | Middle East and North Africa
    pdf
    The report studies the effects of the Surtax on International Incoming Traffic (SIIT) in six countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and on regional integration. The report findings are in line with a recent similar publication from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) that shows that imposing higher charges for the termination of international inbound traffic suppresses demand. In accord with the GSMA’s report, the OECD concludes that those governments that impose higher ...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Sub-Saharan Africa – Universal Service Fund study

    September 15, 2014 | | Affordability and Taxation | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The Sub-Saharan Africa Universal Service Fund (USF) study finds that USFs in the region do not appear to be the most appropriate mechanism for providing universal access and service, and to furthering social and economic improvement in a proactive, cost-effective and transparent manner. Generally, the report found significant deficiencies in fund structure, management and operation throughout the SSA region. It concludes that consideration must be given to disbanding inactive funds and return th...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Green Power for Mobile Technical paper

    August 26, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    The Green Power for Mobile technical paper “Green Power Design Approach and Feasibility Analysis”  focuses on identifying the right design approach for analysing the feasibility of green power as an alternative to diesel based power solution for powering off-grid telecom base station sites. In this paper we look at various design parameters and analyse scenarios related to green power feasbility. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Green Power for Mobile Bi-Annual report

    August 20, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    This is the tenth Bi-annual Report published by the Green Power for Mobile programme which presents the latest industry and programme developments, notably in Myanmar where the team has begun country-focussed activities. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    IBS Tower – Indonesia - Feasibility Study

    June 17, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    IBS was founded in 2006 as an in-building service provider and rapidly transformed itself into a prominent telecom tower company and operator of shared network infrastructure in Indonesia. IBST’s assets are strategically deployed across Indonesia where operators need it most, with a focus across Sumatera and Java islands and is today one of the “big four” public listed tower companies in Indonesia. IBST serves all the telecom operators on their network, and has tenancy ratio of about 1.5 b...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Sizing the Opportunity: Green Telecoms in Myanmar – Market Analysis

    June 13, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    This Market Analysis for Myanmar aims at providing market insights and highlight opportunities for telecom operators in the green power sector. The report analyses the state of the telecom market and how networks are currently being powered to provide an understanding of the potential of alternative energy solutions. The report looks at the industry structure, the regulatory environment and the current state of power within the telecom infrastructure, influencing the potential for green power so...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Online Vendor Directory

    June 12, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    link_icon38Website
    The GPM Vendor Directory is an online global landscape of green energy vendors and service providers. This directory supports mobile network operators, and the wider mobile industry, in adopting green energy alternatives to power mobile base stations and networks. This Vendor Directory allows you to: View company profiles for vendors and service providers offering solutions to mobile network operators; Filter profiles by product, business type and region; Add your company to the listing or updat...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Practices for Energy Provision in Telecoms: Francophone Africa

    April 22, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    This document focuses on the best practices for energy provision in the mobile industry and looks at various alternatives available for sustainable energy provision in a commercially viable approach. The scope of the document limits to the ‘approach’ rather than the technical solutions or technology details. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Green Site Selection Best Practice: Pakistan and Afghanistan

    March 7, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document provides guidelines for MNOs in Afghanistan and Pakistan to determine if a base station site is a suitable candidate to convert into a green site and provide a best practice process for MNOs. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Mobile taxes and fees – A toolkit of principles and evidence

    February 14, 2014 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This report considers the consistency of mobile taxation policies with established best practice principles by examining the mobile taxation burden and its impact across 19 countries. Across these 19 markets, over USD 3 in every USD 10 of mobile revenue was transferred to the government in the form of taxes, regulatory fees or other charges. These excessive levels of taxes and fees are not consistent with established taxation principles and is hindering mobile growth and its socio-economic benef...
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    GPM Bi-annual Report - January 2014

    February 3, 2014 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Procurement and Maintenance Practice: Indonesia

    December 12, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    This document is a best practice guide for the Indonesian market, providing guidance on choosing and procuring green solutions as well as on operations and maintenance of green sites. The document also presents multiple CAPEX and OPEX business models with some explanations on the process flows and snap shots of the business cases for readers to understand the basic concept of green procurement. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Practice Operations Guide – West Africa

    November 27, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    This document focuses on best operation practices, to assist the MNOs/Tower Companies and ESCOs in adopting the most adequate approach to operations and maintenance of telecom power infrastructure in order to improve service availability and OPEX efficiency in West Africa. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Greening Telecoms: Pakistan and Afghanistan Market Analysis

    November 1, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document aims at identifying and examining the potential for green power deployments in the telecom industry of Pakistan and Afghanistan. This report analyses Afghanistan and Pakistan’s renewable energy resources, their green technology regulations, the current state of green deployments in the sector and the size of the market in both countries. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Vendor Landscape – Afghanistan & Pakistan - October 2013

    October 25, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    The purpose of this Afghanistan and Pakistan Vendor Landscape is to support mobile operators in their green power initiatives by providing them with a directory of green power vendors/service providers operating or interested in operating in the region. The document also provides a snapshot of the current market including the status of green power adoption in these two countries. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Practice Procurement Guide – Bangladesh

    July 16, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This Best Practice Procurement Guide offers guidance for Bangladesh’s telecom industry to develop its renewable energy solutions and describes the current best practices in Bangladesh, based on GPM’s latest research and analysis. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Bi-annual Report - July 2013

    July 16, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Best Practice Procurement Guide – East Africa

    July 8, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    This document aims at addressing the one key aspect of deployment – the best procurement practice, to assist the MNOs and other stakeholders in adopting the best approach to green power deployment and scaling the adoption of green power. The document also looks at different business models to address the challenge of capital required for investing in green solutions for the MNOs and Tower Companies. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Vendor Landscape – West and Francophone Africa – June 2013

    June 25, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The purpose of this vendor landscape document is to support mobile operators in their green power initiatives by providing them with a directory of brief profiles of green power vendors and service providers operating or having focus in the West & Francophone African region. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telecom Renewable Energy Vendor/ESCOs Landscape in Indonesia

    May 20, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    This document is part of GPM’s continuing activity in the Indonesian market and lists the main renewable energy vendors/service providers that operate or have interests in the Indonesia telecom market. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Vendor Landscape – East Africa - May 2013

    May 20, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The purpose of this vendor landscape document is to support mobile operators in their green power initiatives by providing them with a directory of brief profiles of green power vendors/service providers operating or having focus in the East African region. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Powering Telecoms: Francophone Africa Market Analysis

    May 14, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The Green Power for Mobile (GPM) Market Analysis report for Francophone Africa aims to provide market insights and potential opportunity for green power for telecoms in the countries of focus – Senegal and Cameroon. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Greening the Network: Indonesia Market Analysis

    April 26, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    This Indonesia specific market analysis report aims at identifying and examining green power deployment possibilities and their potential for the Telecom industry in the country. The report analyses the current state of energy and infrastructure regulations in Indonesia and looks into current deployment methods in telecommunications and infrastructure management. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Airtel - Madagascar - Feasibility Study

    April 22, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    With over 2.5 million mobile connections and a market share of over 40% , Airtel is a leading GSM mobile operator in Madagascar. The operations started under the brand name of Airtel post-acquisition by Zain in 2010. Historically the operations started in 1997 under the name of Madacom until 2006, followed later by Celtel from 2006 to 2008. Download here...
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    Universal Service Fund Study

    April 16, 2013 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This report examines 64 Universal Service Funds, how they are currently meeting their objectives and what mobile’s role is in delivering universal service and access. It concludes that most funds are not achieving their stated goal of widening access to telecommunication services and that alternative market-based solutions are more effective. The study estimates that more than one-third of the 64 funds surveyed have yet to spend any of the contributions they have collected and that more than 1...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telecoms Renewable Energy Vendors/ESCOs Landscape in Bangladesh

    April 4, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document presents a summary of the power situation in Bangladesh, listing the main vendors/service providers that operate or have interests in the Bangladeshi telecom market. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Powering Telecoms: West Africa Market Analysis

    March 14, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The Green Power for Mobile Market Analysis report for West Africa aims at providing market insights and highlight opportunities for telecom operators in the green power sector, in both Nigeria and Ghana. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Green Power for Mobile Vendor Directory - February 2013

    February 21, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Updated February 2013. Extending mobile beyond the grid is one of the biggest challenges for mobile operators in developing countries. Without the right partner, the objective of deploying financially viable green solutions will never be possible. The objective of this vendor catalogue is to bring the industry together and make profiles available to mobile operators in order to provide them with a primary understanding of different vendor competencies, availability and solutions. Download her...
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    Extending The Grid: Bangladesh Market Analysis

    January 31, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    The objective for this report is to analyse the current state of energy and infrastructure regulations in Bangladesh, and the current approach in telecom infrastructure and power solutions being used. This report presents the reader with a market sizing as well as the future outlook for green power in the telecom sector and showcases the potential opportunity for the third party ESCO energy outsourcing model. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Bi-annual Report - January 2013

    January 14, 2013 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Mobile telephony and taxation in Latin America

    December 16, 2012 | | Affordability and Taxation | Latin America and the Caribbean
    pdf
    This latest tax report explores the economic impact of mobile telephony and mobile-specific taxation in nine Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Uruguay. It shows that the mobile industry contributed an estimated $177 billion USD to the economy, representing 3.5 per cent of GDP. However, despite these positive socio-economic contributions, mobile consumers and operators in Latin America face a significant taxation burden. The report ...
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    What Is the Impact of Mobile Telephony on Economic Growth?

    November 16, 2012 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    The report ‘What Is the Impact of Mobile Telephony on Economic Growth?’ provides the first estimates of the impact of mobile data usage on GDP growth in developed and developing markets. The report draws from research of data usage and economic growth across 14 countries provided by Cisco Systems based on their Visual Networking Index (VNI), as well as Deloitte studies on the productivity impact of mobile in 79 countries and the impact of 3G penetration across 96 countries. Download What...
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    Powering Telecoms: East Africa Market Analysis

    October 19, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The objective of the report is to analyse the current state of the telecom market and the highlight the current approach to powering networks to enable readers with see the potential for alternative energy solutions, in particular green power. The report looks at various elements including the industry structure, the regulatory environment, the current state of power within telecoms infrastructure as well as potential green power solutions. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Geocell – Georgia – Feasibility Study

    August 28, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Europe and Central Asia
    pdf
    Established in 1996, Geocell is the first GSM operator in Georgia operating on 900 MHz frequency and later on 1800 MHz frequency following the merger with GT Mobile; Georgia’s 3rd operator to start GSM services, in 2001. Later in 2003, a controlling stake in Geocell is acquired by the TeliaSonera group. In 2006, Geocell acquired UMTS license to operate on 2100 MHz frequency and launched its 3G and associated services to its subscribers. Geocell is the largest mobile operator in terms of subs...
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    Ucell – Uzbekistan – Feasibility Study

    August 28, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Europe and Central Asia
    pdf
    Ucell part of TeliaSonera group, started its network modernization in 2008 with the aim of launching 3G and associated new services for the subscribers. The company has aggressively focused on expansion of network coverage in order to enable cellular coverage to the most remote districts of the country. Download here...
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    GPM Bi-annual Report - July 2012

    July 23, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Interactive Replication Guide: India Market Specific

    June 7, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This Guide is intended to assist Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) and Infrastructure Providers (IPs) navigate through the decision making process of determining if a site is a suitable candidate for conversion into a renewable energy deployment in the Indian market. Download here...
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    Mobile telephony and taxation in Turkey

    May 16, 2012 | | Affordability and Taxation | Middle East and North Africa
    pdf
    This report examines the economic impact of mobile telephony and the impact of mobile-specific taxation in Turkey. It highlights that mobile consumers in Turkey pay the highest taxation as a proportion of mobile service costs in the world. Taxes in 2011 represented 48.2 per cent of the Total Cost of Mobile Ownership (TCMO) 1 for the average Turkish consumer against a global average of just 18.2 per cent. As a result, mobile penetration in Turkey lags behind other European and neighbouring countr...
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    Green Deployment Tracker Template

    May 15, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    excel-icon
    The Green Power for Mobile Green Deployment Tracker is now moving to a new platform. To ensure that data is up to date, we request that you go to the current tracker and make sure your numbers for planned and live deployments are correct. If there are any discrepancies, please fill in out template with the correct data so that we can upload the correct information when we migrate over to the new platform. Green Power for Mobile Deployment Tracker - Add your deployments...
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    Fuel Cell Systems for Base Stations: Deep Dive Study

    April 11, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global, East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    An exploration of the current and future potential of fuel cell systems to provide green power for the telecoms industry Download here...
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    Telecoms Renewable Energy Vendors/ESCOs Landscape in India: Revised version

    April 11, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This India Vendor Catalogue document aims to present a landscape of the main green solutions vendors and ESCOs (Energy Service Companies) providing products and services to the mobile telecoms sector in India. Download here...
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    Bharti Infratel's White Paper - Green Networks: Transforming Telecommunications on Sustainable Energy Alternatives

    April 2, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    Bharti Infratel’s pioneering GreenTowers P7 Initiative is a comprehensive energy-efficiency and alternate-energy program covering seven high impact initiatives, which are aimed at reducing the carbon footprint through lower and optimized diesel usage. Download here...
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    Procurement Model Analysis: CAPEX vs OPEX

    March 23, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document presents a comparative analysis of an in house CAPEX based and outsourced OPEX based renewable energy model. The Green Power for Mobile procurement model analysis is based on current intelligence of the Indian telecom market. Download here...
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    Energy + Mobile at Mobile World Congress 2012

    February 15, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Energy is the backbone of the mobile industry: without it the mobile network would not exist and we could not turn on our mobile phones. Nowhere is this truer than in emerging markets, where mobile operators have become proficient at operating in areas of unreliable and nonexistent grid electricity. Download here...
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    Green Power for Mobile Vendor Directory

    January 2, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Updated January 2012. The Green Power for Mobile programme has sought information on the capabilities, products and services of the vendor community within the industry in an attempt to evolve and regenerate the current vendor listing page. Download here...
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    Telekom Networks Malawi (TNM) Ltd. - Malawi - Feasibility Study

    January 1, 2012 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    TNM is the second largest mobile operator in Malawi with a subscriber base of 1.6 million and a market share of over 42%.4 A pioneer in offering new services, TNM became the first mobile operator in Malawi to launch and offer 3G services including video calling, video and music streaming, and mobile broadband access. Download here...
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    GPM Bi-annual Report - December 2011

    December 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Global Mobile Tax Review 2011

    November 16, 2011 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This global tax benchmark reviewed the application of tax to the mobile sector for 111 countries. The report found that the average increase in tax, as a proportion of mobile usage costs, rose by over one per cent from 16.9 in 2007 to 18.0 per cent today, and that taxation as a proportion of the total cost of mobile ownership, increased from 17.4 per cent in 2007 to 18.1 per cent today. Some 63 countries levy mobile-specific taxation in addition to general sales taxes. Regionally, Europe show...
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    LEO - Burundi - Feasibility Study

    November 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    LEO (U-Com) Burundi is the largest telecom operator in Burundi, is owned by Orascom Telecom Holding a subsidiary of Vimpelcom group. As a leading telecom operator in Burundi, LEO is providing voice services since 1993 and data services since 2007. Download here...
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    Mobile Telephony and Taxation in Kenya

    September 11, 2011 | | Affordability and Taxation | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    Since the Kenyan government’s abolition of the VAT on handset sales, mobile penetration has increased from 50 per cent to 70 per cent. The mobile industry is a significant contributor to Kenya’s economy, contributing more than KES 400 billion annually, and employing almost 250,000. This case study explores how Kenya’s abolished mobile handset taxes have made mobile services more affordable for the wider population, boosting the Kenyan economy. The report shows that mobile operators will co...
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    Best Practise Procurement Guide for Green Energy in India - September 2011

    September 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document presents a best practise procurement guide for the mobile telecoms sector in India. The Green Power for Mobile best practise guide is based on current intelligence of the Indian Market. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telecoms Renewable Energy Vendors & ESCOs Landscape in India

    August 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document presents a summary of the current state of the Indian Mobile Telecom Market, an overview of the use of renewable energies for the mobile infrastructure and a listing of the main vendors/ESCOs operating on the Indian market. This analysis is based on current knowledge of the Indian Market as well as publicly available information from vendors, tower companies and mobile operators. Download here...
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    GPM Bi-annual Report - July 2011

    July 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Green Power for Mobile Charging Choices 2011: Mobile Phone Charging Solutions in the Developing World

    July 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    As the rate of mobile subscriptions surges in developing countries, mobile phones are becoming a vital tool for empowering remote communities. However, several barriers remain which inhibits full adoption in rural regions. Coupled with the economic factor linked to the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of mobile handsets, the energy factor remains one of the top issues for mobile subscribers. Download here...
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    Green Power for Mobile's Interactive Replication Guide

    July 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    This interactive guide is intended to assist Mobile Network Operators navigate through the decision making process of determining if a site is a suitable candidate for renewable energy deployment. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Banglalink - Bangladesh - Feasibility Study

    July 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    The GSMA’s Green Power for Mobile (GPM) programme worked with Banglalink to analyse the entire Banglalink network, which consists of 4760 base stations, to identify specific solutions for energy cost savings. Download here ...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telecel - Zimbabwe - Feasibility Study

    April 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    Telecel Zimbabwe has a small network consisting of only 290 BTS sites covering the most inhabited areas, and the roads that transverse the country. Zimbabwe has a good commercial power network, although daily outages are common place. Most sites are relatively close to a commercial power connection, at a relatively low cost. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Azercell - Azerbaijan - Feasibility Study

    March 2, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Europe and Central Asia
    pdf
    In March 2011, Swedish telecom major TeliaSonera Eurasia signed an agreement with the GSMA for a Feasibility Study to be conducted by the GPM team. The study encompassed technical and financial feasibility analyses on a large number of base stations in TeliaSonera’s existing and planned networks in Azerbaijan, and identified those that are most suitable for green power solutions. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Ncell - Nepal - Feasibility Study

    March 2, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    In March 2011, Swedish telecom major TeliaSonera Eurasia signed an agreement with the GSMA for a Feasibility Study to be conducted by the GPM team. The study encompassed technical and financial feasibility analyses on a large number of base stations in TeliaSonera’s existing and planned networks in Nepal and identified those that are most suitable for green power solutions.  Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Tcell - Tajikistan - Feasibility Study

    March 2, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Europe and Central Asia
    pdf
    In March 2011, Swedish telecom major TeliaSonera Eurasia signed an agreement with the GSMA for a Feasibility Study to be conducted by the GPM team. The study encompassed technical and financial feasibility analyses on a large number of base stations in TeliaSonera’s existing and planned networks in Tajikistan and identified those that are most suitable for green power solutions.  Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    TeliaSonera - Feasibility Study

    March 2, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Europe and Central Asia
    pdf
    In March 2011, Swedish telecom major TeliaSonera Eurasia signed an agreement with the GSMA for a Feasibility Study to be conducted by the Green Power for Mobile (GPM) team. The study encompassed technical and financial feasibility analyses on a large number of base stations in TeliaSonera’s existing and planned networks in Nepal, Tajikistan and Azerbaijan, and identified those that are most suitable for green power solutions. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telecel - Central African Republic - Feasibility Study

    March 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The country has abundant hydroelectric resources that provide reliable and inexpensive power to the capital city. About 80 percent of the CAR's electricity is provided by hydroelectricity, most of which is generated north of Bangui, with fossil fuels providing the rest. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Telefónica - South America - Feasibility Studies

    March 1, 2011 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Latin America and the Caribbean
    pdf
    The GSMA conducted a six country study for Telefónica in South America. The countries covered by this study were Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Venezuela. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Mobinil - Egypt - Feasibility Study

    December 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Middle East and North Africa
    pdf
    Mobinil has a large network consisting of nearly 5000 sites covering the most inhabited areas, and the roads that transverse the country. Egypt has a good commercial power supply in most inhabited areas, but many of the Mobinil sites are in remote areas covering the large road network, and these sites have no access to commercial power. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Bi-annual Report - November 2010

    November 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Econet Lesotho - Lesotho - Feasibility Study

    November 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The GSMA Green Power for Mobile (GPM) programme was commissioned by Econet Lesotho during Q1 2010 to complete a Feasibility Study to analyse the operator’s network and propose an implementation plan for a green power network. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Energy for the Telecom Towers: India Market Sizing and Forecasting

    September 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    This document presents the market opportunity for Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) and investors in India considering the outsourcing of the energy component of telecoms towers. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Hello - Cambodia - Feasibility Study

    September 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | East Asia and Pacific
    pdf
    GSMA’s Green Power for Mobile (GPM) programme worked with Hello to analyse the entire Hello network - consisting of 622 base stations - to identify specific solutions for energy cost savings.  Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Bi-annual Report - June 2010

    June 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    IFC Financial Products for Green Power

    June 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    By Ian Larsen, published in the GPM Bi-annual Report June 2010. In the longer term, green power has significant potential to reduce a Mobile Network Operator’s (MNO) carbon footprint and slow energy consumption growth. A reliable green power source at a Base Transceiver Station (BTS) can be a very practical component of any MNO’s current effort to expand its network into those remote areas that lack reliable grid power provision. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    HOMER Software: Training Guide for Renewable Energy Base Station Design

    May 13, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    HOMER is a free software application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the United States. This software application is used to design and evaluate technically and financially the options for off-grid and on-grid power systems for remote, stand-alone and distributed generation applications. It allows you to consider a large  number of technology options to account for energy resource availability and other variables. Download Here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Econet - Burundi - Feasibility Study

    May 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The GSMA Mobile for Development was commissioned by Econet Wireless Burundi during March to May 2010 to complete a Green Power for Mobile Feasibility Study to analyse the operator’s network and propose a plan for a green power network. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    MTN - Uganda - Feasibility Study

    March 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Community Power: Using Mobile to Extend the Grid

    January 1, 2010 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    A significant opportunity exists to provide environmentally sustainable energy to people in the developing world who live beyond the electricity grid. And it is the mobile telecoms industry–which has already brought phones beyond the fixed telecoms grid–which holds the key to this next infrastructure innovation. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    GPM Bi-annual Report - November 2009

    November 1, 2009 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Digicel - Haiti - Feasibility Study

    November 1, 2009 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Latin America and the Caribbean
    pdf
    The GSMA Green Power for Mobile programme was commissioned by Digicel Haiti during Q4 2009 to complete a Feasibility Study to analyse the operator’s network and propose an implementation plan for a green power network. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Zantel - Tanzania - Feasibility Study

    November 1, 2009 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    The GSMA Green Power for Mobile (GPM) programme was commissioned by Zantel, Tanzania during Q3 2009 to complete a Feasibility Study to analyse the operator’s network and propose an implementation plan for a green power network. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Taxation and the Growth of Mobile in East Africa

    October 16, 2009 | | Affordability and Taxation | Middle East and North Africa
    pdf
    Mobile communications has a profound impact of social and economic development, including: This report updates the quantification of the economic impact that the mobile industry has in each of the East Africa Community member states: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. It also assesses the taxation structure on the respective mobile industry and analyses the effects that lowering excise duties can have on the mobile industry and government tax receipts. delivers universal access deliver...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Mobile infrastructure sharing report

    November 15, 2008 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Global
    pdf
    Commercial considerations, rather than regulatory mandates, appear to be driving the increasing trend for MNOs to adopt a variety of infrastructure models. Examples of mobile network sharing can be found in both mature and developing markets, with 3G providing an added impetus to assess the commercial and regulatory viability of network sharing. Network sharing may take many forms, ranging from passive sharing of cell sites and masts to sharing of radio access networks (RANs) and other active e...
  • Digital Inclusion

    The Setting of Mobile Termination Rates: Best Practice in Cost Modelling

    October 16, 2008 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This paper serves as a guide to best practice cost modelling and how such modelling should be used to set appropriate prices for terminating calls on operators’ networks. The report sets out some of the key issues that should be considered when embarking on a cost-modelling exercise. It provides best-practice models, explanations of options available, and the different circumstances appropriate for different models. Download The setting of mobile termination rates...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Taxation and the Growth of Mobile Services in Sub-Saharan Africa

    October 16, 2008 | | Affordability and Taxation | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    This report estimates that, between 2000 and 2012, each dollar invested by the mobile industry will result in around $0.80 earned in tax revenues by governments. For the same period more than $70 billion in tax revenue is expected to be generated by the mobile industry however the potential tax revenues could be even greater. While the majority of African governments levy luxury taxes on air time, handsets and equipment, these taxes are borne by consumers and have a negative impact on afforda...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Global Mobile Tax Review 2006-2007

    October 16, 2007 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This report builds on a 2005 report Tax and the Digital Divide and extends the benchmark of taxes levied on the ownership and use of mobile phones to 101 countries, representing about 85% of the global population. From a sample of 57 developing countries, the report finds that a 10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in the annual growth rate in GDP. It analyses the impact of reducing/removing consumer taxes on mobile services through considering the impact of tax changes...
  • Digital Inclusion

    MTC Namibia - Case Study

    April 1, 2007 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | Sub-Saharan Africa
    pdf
    One of the greatest challenges facing GSM operators in emerging markets is the demand for network expansion in an environment where there is limited or no access to the electricity grid for base station power. Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    IDEA Cellular India

    January 1, 2007 | | Network Infrastructure and Policy | South Asia
    pdf
    A key reason why many regions of the world lack GSM coverage is the limited reach of the electricity grid. In Nigeria for example only 25% of base stations are connected to ‘the grid’ which means Operators have to solve the power issue themselves in order to extend coverage to remote parts of the world. As a result, Africa alone consumes over 30 million litres of diesel per annum powering base stations (an average of 18,000 litres per base station per year). Download here...
  • Digital Inclusion

    Universal Access – How Mobile Can Bring Communications to All

    October 16, 2006 | | Affordability and Taxation | Global
    pdf
    This report examines how Universal Service Funds are currently meeting their objectives and what role mobile plays in delivering universal service and access. The report makes recommendations that governments regard market forces as the primary means to extend access and connections to mobile communications. Universal service funds should play a secondary, ‘last resort’ role in the provision of access to communications. Universal Access: How mobile can bring communications to all Unive...

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