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Public Policy Resources

  • Mobile internet usage challenges in Asia — awareness, literacy and local content July 10, 2015 pdficonl-1GSMA’s Digital Inclusion programme and GSMA Intelligence have published a new report on mobile internet usage in Asia. Nearly 800 million new mobile internet subscribers are forecast to come online in Asia Pacific by 2020, the vast majority of these coming from emerging markets in the region. But this growth is dependent on overcoming several digital literacy and awareness barriers and having locally relevant content available. This report is based on two primary research projects we have undertaken to help understand these barriers: Consumer research: research undertaken in India to understand internet perceptions, usage, digital literacy and the role of local content in the adoption of mobile internet services. Stakeholder survey: an online survey of mobile network operators and service providers in Asia aimed at identifying the primary barriers to the creation and adoption of local content. This survey includes participants from nine ...
  • Rural Coverage: Strategies for Sustainability July 6, 2015 pdficonl-1This series of country-level case studies, published by GSMA Intelligence in collaboration with the GSMA’s Digital Inclusion programme, demonstrates the approaches being deployed by mobile operators and others to address rural coverage – a key barrier in expanding mobile internet access to unreached populations. Despite the expansion of mobile networks to near-ubiquitous levels, coverage gaps remain: 10% of the global population lack access to basic voice and text services, with around 30% lacking access to 3G/4G mobile broadband internet. The majority of these uncovered populations are low income and live in the rural regions of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, which together account for 3.4 billion of the 4.8 billion people not yet connected to the internet. The challenge in extending coverage to these areas is to overcome the high fixed costs of laying network infrastructure to serve thinly distributed populations with low ...
  • Smart meters: compliance with radio frequency exposure standards June 10, 2015 pdficonl-1This brochure has been designed to answer questions you may have about compliance of smart meters with radio frequency exposure standards and whether there is a risk to health. Smart meters use low power radio frequency signals to collect and transmit information about use of services such as electricity, water and gas. The meter reading data is collected and collated at access points and forwarded to the power company over the existing mobile networks in the same way as a call or text is sent. The radio frequencies and nominal powers transmitted are similar to those used for mobile phones and home wireless internet connections. However, as smart meters transmit for very short intervals and infrequently, the average transmitted powers are very low. A number of studies have concluded that the duty cycle (the percentage of time the signal is transmitted) ...
  • Accelerating Digital Literacy: Empowering women to use the mobile internet June 8, 2015 pdficonl-1aIn developing countries, the number of unique subscribers using mobile internet grew from 728 million in 2010 to 1.8 billion in 2014 (source: GSMA Intelligence Q4 2014). Mobile internet access can have profound implications for women’s economic, social, and political empowerment, from entrepreneurship opportunities to affordable healthcare and peer learning platforms. However, women continue to lag behind men in accessing mobile phones and mobile internet. This report, a joint initiative from GSMA’s Connected Women and Digital Inclusion teams, aims to analyse the challenges women face when accessing mobile internet with low mobile literacy and digital skills; understand how women learn these skills; and identify the barriers women run up against in various learning channels. The findings are based on detailed ethnographic research conducted with women in three countries: Kenya, India, and Indonesia. It concludes with a set of practical recommendations for ...
  • Assessing the case for in-country mobile consolidation May 26, 2015 pdficonl-1This report examines the potential impact of mobile mergers on investment, efficiencies and consumer welfare. Download
  • Small cells and health April 1, 2015 pdficonl-1This brochure has been designed to answer questions you may have about small cells. We have all read or heard about concerns raised from time to time regarding the safe use of radio waves and wireless communications equipment. The wireless industry takes these concerns seriously and welcomes ongoing research. The consensus of international health authorities today is that there are no established health effects from wireless communications devices such as small cells. For more information see the Small Cell Forum Download
  • Assessing the case for in-country mobile consolidation in emerging markets February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1The right market structures can incentivise operator investment in mobile broadband technologies that deliver lower unit prices and improved quality. Download Report Download 1 Pager
  • The Mobile Economy Sub-Saharan Africa 2014 – 1 Pager February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1Supporting the connection of an additional 2 Billion people to the mobile internet by 2020. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has been the fastest growing region over the last 5 years, in terms of both unique mobile subscribers and connections. Download
  • The Mobile Economy Europe 2014 – 1 Pager February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1Removal of barriers for a connected digital single market, alongside network investment, will help drive growth, innovation and social inclusion in Europe. Download
  • The Mobile Economy Arab States 2014 – 1 Pager February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1Governments and mobile operators share the goal of increasing digital access through mobile and fostering greater levels of investment, innovation, and prosperity for the good of society. Download
  • The Mobile Economy Latin America 2014 – 1 Pager February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1Mobile technology drives social and economic development in Latin America. Removing barriers for network investment will ensure long-term sustainability of the mobile industry. Download
  • The Mobile Economy Asia Pacific 2014 – 1 Pager February 26, 2015 pdficonl-1The mobile industry in Asia Pacific (APAC) is playing a leading role in innovation and the development of a broader mobile ecosystem. Download
  • Benefits of network competition and complementary policies to promote mobile broadband coverage February 16, 2015 pdficonl-1In July 2014, Frontier Economics was commissioned by the GSMA to conduct a study on the merits and potential barriers of promoting mobile broadband coverage under the network competition model. Download Report Download Executive Summary
  • European mobile network operator mergers – A regulatory assessment December 8, 2014 pdficonl-1This briefing report has been produced by Frontier Economics at the request of the GSMA. It summarises the key findings of a longer report which the GSMA expects to publish early in 2015. Download here
  • Government intervention in the South African broadband market September 25, 2014 pdficonl-1The South African Government has set ambitious targets for broadband availability. The Government in South Africa recognises the importance of the ICT sector and broadband on the wider economy. As part of its National Broadband Plan (South Africa Connect), the Government has set ambitious targets for broadband availability. Download here
  • Assessing the case for Single Wholesale Networks in mobile communications September 17, 2014 pdficonl-1Policymakers in a number of countries are proposing to establish a single wholesale network (SWN) instead of relying upon competing mobile networks to deliver 4G mobile broadband services in their country. Download here
  • Generic Overlay SIM Security Assessment August 27, 2014 pdficonl-1GSMA is aware that proprietary SIM solutions have been in existence for many years and these include the ‘slim’ SIM. More commonly referred to as an Overlay SIM, the solution could be considered a disruptive technology and it has been used to support legitimate services, including the provision of low cost roaming services, as well as more questionable uses such as unauthorised device unlocking. Download here
  • LTE Technology and Health June 24, 2014 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldMobile broadband typically refers to providing customers with high speed data while on the move. There are several technologies capable of delivering commercial Mobile Broadband services. The GSMA has produced this brief to describe key features of the technology and address some of the questions related to exposure to radio signals from LTE antennas and devices. PDF Downloads Full Report – English (PDF) Reporte Completo – Español (PDF)
  • Arbitrary Radio Frequency exposure limits: Impact on 4G network deployment March 31, 2014 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013The GSMA welcomes the adoption of harmonised, Electromagnetic Fields/Radio Frequency (EMF/RF) exposure limit policies based on the international guidelines. In Europe exposure to electromagnetic fields is governed on the basis of the 1998 guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), which are also recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, there are some markets in Europe that have imposed significantly more restrictive EMF exposure limits. This already has an impact on network rollout and has started to have a detrimental effect on the deployment of technology for faster mobile broadband (4G/LTE) deployment, and may negatively impact the rollout of faster broadband in other Member States. On the basis of the findings of this report the GSMA: Calls on the European Commission to promote good practice by Member States through harmonization of Electromagnetic Fields/Radio Frequency (EMF/RF) exposure limit policies ...
  • Summary of IARC Monograph on Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields March 5, 2014 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monograph (volume 102) for Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMF) was published in April 2013. It represents the views and expert opinions of an IARC Working Group (IARC WG) which met in Lyon during May 2011 to evaluate the carcinogenic hazard of RF-EMF to humans. Although the Monograph is of significant importance to on-going debates about possible health risks, its considerable length (470 pages) has hindered proper and widespread understanding of it. This report is therefore provided by the GSMA as a short factual summary that highlights the major contents of the Monograph that would be informative to GSMA members, industry and other stakeholders. To help ensure a faithful representation of the IARC WG’s views, this report draws extensively from summaries provided within the Monograph itself, with the addition of references and observations from the ...
  • MOBILE PRIVACY: Consumer research insights and considerations for policymakers February 21, 2014 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013MOBILE PRIVACY: Consumer research insights and considerations for policymakers (English)
  • Mobile Communications and Health February 12, 2014 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldMobile phones and other wireless technologies have become an integral part of everyday life. But does using a mobile phone regularly, or living near a base station, have any implications for our health? Much of the public concern relates to the possibility of health hazards from long-term exposures at levels too low to produce measurable heating. The international consensus is that current limits are based on all the available scientific evidence, incorporate large safety factors and are highly protective of health.This brochure provides a high-level overview of the facts about mobile’s effect on mobile phone users, including a useful FAQ section on myths and facts. Mobile Communications and Health – English (PDF, 12 pages) Mobile Kommunikation und Gesundheit – German (PDF, 12 pages) 移动通讯与健康 – Chinese, simplified (PDF, 12 pages) Comunicaciones móviles y salud – Spanish (PDF, 12 pages) Communications mobiles et santé – French ...
  • The Mandatory Registration of Prepaid SIM Card Users (A Whitepaper – November 2013) November 19, 2013 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013 The Mandatory Registration of Prepaid SIM Card Users (A Whitepaper – November 2013)
  • Research into mobile users privacy attitudes – Key findings from Malaysia and Indonesia August 28, 2013 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013Research into mobile users privacy attitudes – Key findings from Malaysia and Indonesia (English)
  • Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected World April 29, 2013 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013Mobile networks must continue to grow and develop in response to the growth of connections and mobile data. 6.6 billion mobile connections. 45 % of the world’s population uses mobile communications. People own multiple mobile devices. On average consumers have 1.5 SIM cards. 65% of mobile data usage occurs indoor Global machine-to-machine connections is forecast to rise from 2 billion in 2011 to 12 billion in 2020. The Mobile and Health programme has also released a new animation entitled Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Connected World It looks at how increased reliance on data services has changed the way we live and how good mobile network policy supports access to services. For more information on the programme, please contact Jack Rowley. Download an Infographic PDF in: English Spanish French  
  • Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Mexico (English, Spanish) April 23, 2013 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldResearch into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Mexico (English) Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Mexico (Spanish)
  • Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Colombia (English, Spanish, Spanish brochure) April 23, 2013 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Colombia (English) Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Colombia (Spanish) Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Colombia (Spanish brochure)
  • Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Brazil (English, Portuguese) April 23, 2013 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldResearch into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Brazil (English) Research into mobile users’ privacy attitudes – Key findings from Brazil (Portugese)
  • Accountability Framework for the implementation of the GSMA Privacy Design Guidelines for Mobile App Development January 25, 2013 GSMA Summary of IARC Report 2013Download
  • Impact of exclusion zones policies on siting of base stations (Case Study) November 20, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldNovember 2012 This report presents the results of a modeling analysis of the impacts of planning-based exclusion zones on the ability to site mobile communication base stations. In the context of mobile communications infrastructure deployment planning-based exclusion zones are distance-based restrictions on the siting of base stations sometimes imposed by local governments around community facilities. The Australia radiofrequency (RF) exposure limits are consistent with international recommendations and there are no mandatory planning exclusion zone policies. The analysis is based on the impacts of a range of hypothetical distances and uses information from public sources on the locations of base stations and community facilities. The main findings of the analysis include: * Across the whole metropolitan area, 54% of all existing radio base stations would be impacted by a 500 m exclusion zone around community facilities (schools, pre-school and medical facilities). * In an inner urban ...
  • Telefónica Uruguay cuts € 4.2 million off its network energy bill with free cooling October 23, 2012 GSMA_MEE_casestudyUruguayWEBSince 2002, Telefónica Uruguay has rolled out a series of energy efficiency initiatives across its network, resulting in cumulative cost savings of € 4.2 million at 2012 prices and carbon emission reductions of 10,900 TCO2e, as part of an energy and carbon reduction programme. The implementation of these measures is reflected in Telefónica Uruguay’s performance in the GSMA’s Mobile Energy Efficiency Benchmarking service. Background The Telefónica Group has invested more than € 200 million since 2005 in Uruguay, where it is one of the largest mobile communities with more than 1.8 million customers. Telefónica Uruguay directly and indirectly employs 2,000 people with revenues of around € 240 million a year and accounts for nearly 38% of the market. Uruguay has the third largest mobile teledensity in Latin America with a high rate of mobile penetration of over 140%. Telefónica Uruguay has participated ...
  • Vodafone Romania implements innovative energy saving technology October 23, 2012 VF-RO-case-study-for-GSMA-16Oct12Since 2006 Vodafone Romania has been closely managing its energy consumption and purchasing policy. At the end of 2011, it decided to implement a free cooling system that was particularly innovative. In one building alone this system has resulted in annual costs savings of €13,700 and carbon emission reductions of 54 TCO2e. A roll out of the system for four other locations is planned, starting in 2013, with a projected investment cost of €127,000 annual costs savings of €43,000 and annual carbon emission reductions of 215 TCO2e. The impact of Vodafone Romania’s energy efficiency initiatives is noticeable in results from the GSMA’s Mobile Energy Efficiency Benchmarking which show a strong performance in RAN energy per connection, per cell site and per unit traffic. Background Vodafone Romania is one of the leading mobile operators in Romania with over nine million connections in 2011 and ...
  • Mobile Phones and Male Fertility September 20, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldSeptember 2012 Several research studies from fertility clinics around the world have claimed to have observed effects associated with mobile phones on various markers of male fertility including sperm count, vitality, motility and morphology. However, many of these studies have significant flaws in their design or analysis. In particular, they often fail to account for lifestyle factors such as stress, diet and obesity, smoking and alcohol which are widely thought to be linked to male fertility but may be also associated with mobile phone use and therefore confound the findings of these studies. No studies have been able to provide any direct evidence of a mechanism for purported effects, and together with the general poor quality of the studies and inconsistent results, the overall body of evidence on the effects of mobile phone use on male fertility does not allow any ...
  • Telstra achieves A$ 1.5 million in mobile network energy savings September 17, 2012 Telstra - web thumbnail Over the past two years Australian operator Telstra has implemented mobile energy efficiency initiatives across its network, resulting in annual cost savings of A$ 1.5 million and carbon emission reductions of 6,700 TCO2e. With its strong emphasis on sustainability, the company has been measuring and reporting its carbon emissions since 2000. In 2010 Telstra decided to implement significant measures to capture the benefits offered by mobile energy efficiency solutions. The impact of this successful energy reduction programme is noticeable in Telstra‘s results from the GSMA’s Mobile Energy Efficiency Benchmarking with strong improvements in RAN energy per connection, per cell site and per unit traffic. Download the PDF Background Telstra is Australia’s leading telecommunications and information services company. In addition to being Australia’s largest provider of fixed line services, Telstra is Australia’s largest mobile telephone service provider with more than 13 million mobile connections. ...
  • Mobile operator contribution to notice and take down in the context of illegal child sexual abuse content July 2, 2012 The objective of this paper is demonstrate that the European members of the Mobile Alliance have processes in place to deal with the removal of illegal content that may be hosted on their networks. The paper focuses on the following areas: Defining notice and take down Providing a background to European strategy for reporting of illegal content Describing how customers report illegal content Detailing how the notice and take down process works Outlining the mobile industry’s relationship with key stakeholders Summary and conclusions Download  
  • What is INTERPHONE? June 26, 2012
  • Overview of International Mobile Roaming June 25, 2012 This information paper provides an overview of the basic facts about the operation and economics of international mobile roaming (IMR) to inform the dialogue between policymakers, regulators and industry on matters related to IMR. Download  
  • Mobile’s Green Manifesto – June 2012 June 20, 2012 64pxMobilesgreenmanifesto20121The second Mobile’s Green Manifesto 2012 outlines the positive impact of the operator initiatives in energy and carbon management. An update on the 2009 report, it highlights the initial results from the GSMA’s Mobile Energy Efficiency (MEE) initiative as well as progress around mobile’s enabling role. Highlights from the report include: Mobile has the potential to enable much greater emissions savings of at least 900 million tonnes CO2e in 2020 which is 1.7 per cent of the global 2020 GHG emissions forecast by the International Energy Agency in its “business-as-usual” scenario and five times the mobile industry’s emissions. Analysis of 34 mobile networks worldwide shows total network energy consumption increased only slightly from 2009 to 2010, despite considerable growth in mobile connections and traffic Total energy per unit traffic declined by approximately 20 per cent and energy per connection declined by five per cent, ...
  • Licensing to support the mobile broadband revolution – Executive Summary- May 2012 May 22, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldMobile phones have become the main means for making voice calls in the world and have brought telecommunications access to many of the world’s people for the first time. Now the industry is in the middle of another major transformation with rapidly growing take-up of mobile broadband services across both developed and emerging markets. Download
  • Licensing to support the mobile broadband revolution report- May 2012 May 22, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldMobile phones have become the main means for making voice calls in the world and have brought telecommunications access to many of the world’s people for the first time. Now the industry is in the middle of another major transformation with rapidly growing take-up of mobile broadband services across both developed and emerging markets. Download
  • Femtocells and Health April 23, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThis brochure has been designed to answer questions you may have about femtocells. We have all read or heard about concerns raised from time to time regarding the safe use of radio waves and wireless communications equipment. The wireless industry takes these concerns seriously and welcomes ongoing research. The consensus of international health authorities today is that there are no established health effects from low power wireless communications devices such as femtocells. Download
  • Mobile Phone Lifecycle flyer April 7, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Mobile Phone Lifecycles Report April 7, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Mobile Phone Lifecycles Report Executive Summary April 7, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldMobile Phone Lifecycles Report Executive Summary English Arabic Chinese French Russian Spanish
  • MEE Optimisation case study: Telefónica Germany identifies € 1.8 million per year in cost effective energy savings April 6, 2012 Telefonica - web thumbnailTelefónica Germany (TDE) was keen to improve its ranking in MEE Benchmarking. It became the first mobile network operator to sign up to the GSMA’s MEE Optimisation service, leveraging the combined expertise of the GSMA and Nokia Siemens Networks’ Energy Solutions. Download the case study
  • Mobile and Privacy brochure 2012 March 23, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload English Download Spanish
  • Mobile Privacy Principles March 23, 2012 pdficonl-1The privacy principles outlined in this document are intended to be a framework to inform separate standards and codes to address specific privacy issues, such as ‘location privacy’, transparency, notice and choice mechanisms. Download English Download Portuguese Download Spanish
  • Annex of illustrative examples March 23, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Infographic: Children’s Use of Mobile Phones 2011 March 22, 2012 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • MWC 2012 Spectrum Seminar Presentations March 22, 2012 ppticonlMobile is at the heart of a $1.8 trillion industry. For a mobile ecosystem businesses to be successful, it requires reliable mobile networks. Spectrum is the oxygen that sustains this ecosystem and with data demands rising, you need to support ‘the ask’ for future spectrum. Held at Mobile World Congress 2012, this seminar explained why it’s important to ask for future spectrum and how to advocate for additional spectrum to your respective governments. Presentations from the seminar are available for download. Download
  • Public Policy Annual Review 2012 February 25, 2012 The Public Policy Annual Review 2012 describes the work of the public policy department. The document includes: Foreword by Tom Phillips, Chief Government & Regulatory Affairs Officer, GSMA The Mobile Industry – Driving Smart Economic Growth and Social Development Safeguarding Consumers Spectrum for Mobile Broadband Mobile and Health Mobile and the Environment The Public/Private Sector Dialogue Encouraging investment Download Public Policy Annual Review 2012
  • Privacy Design Guidelines for Mobile Application Development February 22, 2012 The emergence of open mobile platforms and the convergence of mobile and the web has created a vibrant and dynamic mobile ecosystem that enables individuals to shape and present rich personal identities online, connect with communities of their choice, and engage with innovative, applications and services. Much of this relies on the real-time access and use of personal information that is often transferred globally between applications, devices and companies. Download (English  / Spanish / Portuguese)
  • GSMA Europe Response to BEREC Consultation on Net Neutrality Transparency- November 2011 November 22, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Children’s Use of Mobile Phones — An International Comparison November 2011: Japan, India, Paraguay and Egypt November 22, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Children’s use of mobile phones – An international comparison 2011 November 22, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThe Children’s use of mobile phones — An international comparison 2011 report provides a detailed picture of mobile phone use by children from the age of eight to 18, following research conducted with more than 3,500 pairs of children and parents in Japan, India, Paraguay and Egypt. Now in its third year, it builds on the previous two studies conducted in Japan, India, Mexico, Cyprus, China and Korea. The research is sponsored by mobile phone operators in each country, and has covered more than 15,500 pairs of children and their parents. Download Full report – English (PDF) Executive summary – English (PDF) Executive summary – Español (PDF) Executive summary – Arabic (PDF) Infographic – English (PDF) Infographic – Español (PDF) Infographic – Arabic (PDF) YouTube video – English  
  • Mobile Telephony and Taxation in Croatia November 21, 2011 This study investigated the mobile specific taxation on MNOs in Croatia. This tax, which has since been removed, took the form of a 6% tax on calls and SMS/MMS. Download Mobile telephony and taxation in Croatia – English Mobile telephony and taxation in Croatia – Croatian
  • Children’s Use of Mobile Phones — An International Comparison, Executive Summary Arabic November 2011, Japan, India, Paraguay and Egypt November 20, 2011 Download
  • Global Mobile Tax Review 2011 November 20, 2011 This global tax benchmark reviewed the application of tax to the mobile sector for 111 countries. The report found that the average increase in tax, as a proportion of mobile usage costs, rose by over one per cent from 16.9 in 2007 to 18.0 per cent today, and that taxation as a proportion of the total cost of mobile ownership, increased from 17.4 per cent in 2007 to 18.1 per cent today. Some 63 countries levy mobile-specific taxation in addition to general sales taxes. Regionally, Europe shows the highest average tax as a proportion of TCMO, with Turkey maintaining the top spot as mobile consumers pay nearly 50 per cent in taxes. Asian consumers generally pay the lowest tax as a proportion of mobile service ownership, due to relatively low VAT rates and limited mobile-specific taxation, however Pakistan ranks third with ...
  • User perspectives on mobile privacy, September 2011 September 23, 2011 pdficonl-1Download
  • Mobile taxation – Surcharges on international incoming traffic September 17, 2011 A new type of tax, a surtax on international inbound call termination or SIIT, has emerged in popularity in Africa. This tax centrally fixes the prices that operators can charge when terminating international inbound calls, which distorts price competition and negatively impacts on business and consumers. This report found that where the SIIT has been imposed, the level of inbound international traffic has fallen and prices of outbound calls have increased due to the reciprocation of higher termination prices by operators in other African countries. Download: Mobile taxation – Surcharges on international incoming traffic executive summary – English Mobile taxation – Surcharges on international incoming traffic executive summary – French Mobile taxation – Surcharges on international incoming traffic report – English Mobile taxation – Surcharges on international incoming traffic report – French
  • Mobile telephony and taxation in Kenya September 15, 2011 Since the Kenyan government’s abolition of the VAT on handset sales, mobile penetration has increased from 50 per cent to 70 per cent. The mobile industry is a significant contributor to Kenya’s economy, contributing more than KES 400 billion annually, and employing almost 250,000. This case study explores how Kenya’s abolished mobile handset taxes have made mobile services more affordable for the wider population, boosting the Kenyan economy. The report shows that mobile operators will contribute 33 per cent more in tax this year than they did prior to the handset tax slash and will contribute around 8 per cent of Kenya’s GDP in 2011. Download Mobile telephony and taxation in Kenya executive summary – English Mobile telephony and taxation in Kenya executive summary – French Mobile telephony and taxation in Kenya report – English Mobile telephony and taxation in Kenya report ...
  • GSMA Position Supporting the Regional Front to Combat the Theft of Mobile Terminal Equipment August 12, 2011 The ability to remain connected is highly valued. Unfortunately, there are people who play on the aspirations of those who don’t yet own a mobile phone, or others who would like a cut-price upgrade, by feeding a black market in handsets obtained through mugging and street crime. Several stakeholders in a number of countries and regions around the world are concerned at the increasing incidence of aggravated theft targeted at mobile users. This briefing paper, prepared for the Organization of American States, provides an overview of the issue and strategies to combat mobile handset theft. Download  
  • Privacy Infographic- June 2011 June 23, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected World
  • Mobile Energy Efficiency Methodology – June 2011 June 22, 2011 MEE methodology - web thumbnailDownload
  • Overview to IARC and Press Release June 2011 June 16, 2011 podcastdownloadsmall Dr. Jack Rowley, Director for Research & Sustainability, of the GSMA gives an overview of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and a background to the IARC announcement and classification of whether radio signals transmitted from mobile phones cause cancer.
  • Children’s Use of Mobile Phones — An International Comparison, Executive Summary November 2011, Japan, India, Paraguay and Egypt- 2011 March 22, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Infographic: Children’s Use of Mobile Phones 2011 – Spanish March 22, 2011 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Network Neutrality – Traffic Management & QoS- November 2010 November 11, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • European Mobile Observatory 2010 October 21, 2010 The European Mobile Observatory 2010 provides a comprehensive reference point for participants in the mobile industry, policy makers and other interested stakeholders. It covers key statistics and performance indicators, competition, innovation, services and technologies, and the contribution of the mobile industry to social and economic development. Download Europe Observatory 2010
  • GSMA Response to the European Commission Public Consultation on the Open Internet and Net Neutrality in Europe – 30 September 2010 September 22, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • GSMA Response to ARCEP Consultation on Network Neutrality- July 2010 July 22, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Children’s Use of Mobile Phones and Personal Relationships – An International Comparison 2010 June 22, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected Worldn 2009, NTT docomo’s Mobile Society Research Institute and the GSMA jointly conducted an international research study examining the ways in which children communicate through mobile phones, and the role that the mobile phone – a personal medium – plays in the formation and development of personal relationships by and between children. This study builds on a previous research conducted by the same organisations in 2008, which considered the driving forces behind the penetration of mobile phones amongst children. The report is based on questionnaire surveys conducted in the summer of 2009 in six countries: Japan, South Korea, China, India, Mexico and Cyprus. Approximately 6,000 pairs of respondents were interviewed, each consisting of a child aged between eight and 18 and his or her parent or guardian. Download Full report – English  
  • Mobile Communications and Health Research Program March 23, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThe GSMA supports an active program of research addressing possible health risks from the radio signals used to provide mobile services. The program includes biological, epidemiological and social studies as well as engineering analysis. Since the year 2000, approximately €10 million has been committed to independent research. Our contracts provide researchers with the independence to interpret their findings and we encourage them to publish in peer reviewed scientific journals so that results are available for expert reviews. Download the brochure
  • Download a GSMA guide to How the Internet Works- 2010 March 22, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • GSMA Response to the FCC Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Preserving the Open Internet- January 2010 January 14, 2010 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldDownload
  • Competition and the mobile sector: in developed and developing countries November 15, 2009 In this paper, we draw on the lessons of mobile development in richer countries to reach conclusions about how they should be regulated elsewhere – in the interests of their customers and of the economies which they serve. We do not ignore the differences between developed and developing countries in penetration rates, GDP per capita, the availability of capital and so on, but we argue that one consideration is common to all countries: mobile communications is a sector which is potentially vibrantly competitive, even if it made up of a comparatively small number of firms. If governments ignore this potential and overregulate the sector, they can put back the spread of mobile voice and broadband for many years, and do considerable harm to their economies. This risk has been present in developed countries, and some have succumbed to it by ...
  • Taxation and the growth of mobile in East Africa September 21, 2009 This report updates the quantification of the economic impact that the mobile industry has in each of the East Africa Community member states: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. It also assesses the taxation structure on the respective mobile industry and analyses the effects that lowering excise duties can have on the mobile industry and government tax receipts. Mobile communications has a profound impact of social and economic development, including: delivers universal access delivers universal services, for example mobile phones account for around 95% of all telecoms connections in East Africa boosts GDP, as demonstrated through recent analysis by Deloitte that shows that a 10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in GDP in the long-run across developing countries. Download Taxation and the growth of mobile in East Africa 2009
  • Taxation and the growth of mobile in East Africa September 21, 2009 Mobile communications has a profound impact of social and economic development, including: This report updates the quantification of the economic impact that the mobile industry has in each of the East Africa Community member states: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. It also assesses the taxation structure on the respective mobile industry and analyses the effects that lowering excise duties can have on the mobile industry and government tax receipts. delivers universal access delivers universal services, for example mobile phones account for around 95% of all telecoms connections in East Africa boosts GDP, as demonstrated through recent analysis by Deloitte that shows that a 10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in GDP in the long-run across developing countries. Download Taxation and the growth of mobile in East Africa 2009
  • Asia Pacific Mobile Observatory 2009 July 21, 2009 This report focuses on the  impact of mobile across the Asia Pacific. It covers key statistics, performance indicators, competition, innovation, services and technologies, and the contribution of the mobile industry to social and economic development.
  • Children’s Use of Mobile Phones – An International Comparison 2009 March 22, 2009 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThis report aims to shed light on these questions. It is based on questionnaire surveys conducted in five countries; Japan, Korea, China, India, and Mexico in the summer of 2008. We interviewed approximately 6,000 pairs of respondents, each consisting of a child and his or her parent or guardian. In addition, we also conducted qualitative interview surveys in Japan and Mexico as case studies to give us deeper insight into children’s use of mobile phones. Download Full report – English
  • Mobile infrastructure sharing report November 15, 2008 Commercial considerations, rather than regulatory mandates, appear to be driving the increasing trend for MNOs to adopt a variety of infrastructure models. Examples of mobile network sharing can be found in both mature and developing markets, with 3G providing an added impetus to assess the commercial and regulatory viability of network sharing. Network sharing may take many forms, ranging from passive sharing of cell sites and masts to sharing of radio access networks (RANs) and other active elements such as network roaming and the core. Download Mobile infrastructure sharing
  • The setting of mobile termination rates: Best practice in cost modelling September 21, 2008 This paper serves as a guide to best practice cost modelling and how such modelling should be used to set appropriate prices for terminating calls on operators’ networks. The report sets out some of the key issues that should be considered when embarking on a cost-modelling exercise. It provides best-practice models, explanations of options available, and the different circumstances appropriate for different models. Download The setting of mobile termination rates
  • Taxation and the growth of mobile services in Sub-Saharan Africa September 21, 2008 This report estimates that, between 2000 and 2012, each dollar invested by the mobile industry will result in around $0.80 earned in tax revenues by governments. For the same period more than $70 billion in tax revenue is expected to be generated by the mobile industry however the potential tax revenues could be even greater. While the majority of African governments levy luxury taxes on air time, handsets and equipment, these taxes are borne by consumers and have a negative impact on affordability. The report demonstrates why governments can afford to tax mobile phones as a common good and not a luxury. Download Taxation and the growth of mobile services in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Mobile Spam Code of Practice April 7, 2008 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThe Mobile Spam Code of Practice is a new initiative from the GSM Association (GSMA) and its member operators. It has been devised to protect the secure and trusted environment of mobile services to ensure customers receive minimal amounts of spam sent via SMS and MMS. The code takes a firm stance on how to deal with mobile spam messages that are either fraudulent or unsolicited commercial messages. To support this initiative the GSMA is encouraging member operators to sign-up to the code and for governments and consumer associations to support industry in its endeavours. Download the brochure Download the code of practice
  • Comparison of fixed and mobile cost structures December 21, 2007 Our report focuses on the areas which we believe contribute to long-run differences between the cost structures of fixed and mobile networks and the impact these differences have on the average unit cost1 of voice traffic. We have considered both qualitative and quantitative analysis on the key differences between the two types of network as well as the intuitive and theoretical reasons why differences in cost structure might be expected, including: Treatment of access network costs Scarcity of spectrum Useful lives of assets Age of networks Scope and scale economies Ability to reduce costs through cost sharing The paper looks at both the differences in the nature and structure of costs and the implications the differences have on regulated cost-based charges for fixed and mobile call termination. Download Comparison of fixed and mobile cost structures
  • Global Mobile Tax Review 2006-2007 September 21, 2007 This report builds on a 2005 report Tax and the Digital Divide and extends the benchmark of taxes levied on the ownership and use of mobile phones to 101 countries, representing about 85% of the global population. From a sample of 57 developing countries, the report finds that a 10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in the annual growth rate in GDP. It analyses the impact of reducing/removing consumer taxes on mobile services through considering the impact of tax changes on a reduction in the price charged to the end customer and the impact this change will have on mobile penetration and usage, and the subsequent impact on tax revenues and GDP. Download Global Mobile Tax Review 2006-2007
  • Gateway Liberalisation September 21, 2007 International gateways (IGW) are the services through which international calls are sent and received. While most developed markets now have fully competitive international telecommunications markets, many countries in the Asia-Pacific, Middle East, Africa and Latin American regions have yet to liberalise IGWs and monopoly supply continues. For developing countries to fully share in the globalising economy, it is essential that their IGWs be fully liberalised to allow competition and private investment. This report demonstrates how the introduction of competition into the international gateways market can reduce call prices by up to 90% and double call volumes. The study measured the overall outcome of liberalisation in terms of prices, traffic volumes, demand elasticity and the wider economic effects in addition to the relative success of different approaches to liberalisation. Download Gateway liberalisation
  • Mobile telephony and taxation in Turkey May 14, 2007 This report examines the economic impact of mobile telephony and the impact of mobile-specific taxation in Turkey. It highlights that mobile consumers in Turkey pay the highest taxation as a proportion of mobile service costs in the world. Taxes in 2011 represented 48.2 per cent of the Total Cost of Mobile Ownership (TCMO) 1 for the average Turkish consumer against a global average of just 18.2 per cent. As a result, mobile penetration in Turkey lags behind other European and neighbouring countries. An analysis of countries that had a lower penetration than Turkey in 2000 shows that penetration in all of these countries has outpaced Turkey by 2011. The report indicates that lowering taxes would increase revenue for the government in the medium term. Modelling the impact of reducing a combination of taxes to 38 per cent of the TCMO in ...
  • Economic study on IP interworking May 7, 2007 How IP interconnection works and the benefits, different interconnection models and policy implications. Download Economic study on IP and Internetworking
  • Universal Access – How Mobile Can Bring Communications to All September 21, 2006 This report examines how Universal Service Funds are currently meeting their objectives and what role mobile plays in delivering universal service and access. The report makes recommendations that governments regard market forces as the primary means to extend access and connections to mobile communications. Universal service funds should play a secondary, ‘last resort’ role in the provision of access to communications. Download Universal Access: How mobile can bring communications to all Universal Access: How mobile can bring communications to all – English – Executive summary Universal Access: How mobile can bring communications to all – French – Executive summary
  • Regulation and the Digital Divide July 21, 2006 This report examines the impact of regulation on the development of the sector, looking specifically at the sub-Saharan region of Africa, and identifies the key elements required for a best practice regulatory environment. Specific recommendations in the report include: For governments: Establish a Telecommunications Act that enshrines the principles of fair competition, regulatory independence and reflects long term policy goals, linked to national, social and economic development targets Create an effective National Regulatory Authority, which is independent from both undue political and financial pressures and is staffed by appropriately trained professionals. For regulators: Develop appropriate resources and skills, in particular with regards to economics, to assess the impact and appropriateness of regulatory policies, and develop and communicate a clear set of regulatory policy objectives and targets Implement consistent and transparent regulatory policy, and conduct regular consultation with stakeholders. Download Regulation and the Digital Divide
  • Code of Practice – Mobile Spam April 7, 2006 Mobile Networks Are Necessary to Deliver a Better Connected WorldThe Mobile Spam Code of Practice (‘the Code’) is a voluntary non-legally binding document reflecting a commitment by operators and the GSMA to act against mobile spam and minimise the impact it has on customers. Some of the principles and commitments within the Code are already contained in the laws of various countries. However, against a background of disparity in national legal environments, the mobile industry has identified the need to work together to adopt consistent approaches to dealing with spam and share best practice. Download
  • Security Principles Related to Handset Theft July 1, 2005 Handset theft has emerged as a serious cause for concern in the mobile industry and the GSMA is committed to tackling the issue. This paper describes the the importance of handset security and outlines nine principles to help handset manufactures develop a comprehensive security architecture that facilitates a range of solutions to protect the platform on which the IMEI mechanism is stored. Download

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